Non-linguistic means


Output 2

Training Module

Formation, development and improvement of non-linguistic means

It includes recommendations for developing and improving the skills of pronouncing a speech, preparing one’s voice, maintaining control during the presentation, participating in dialogic formats, etc.

  • Traditions in rhetoric education

  • Contemporary Methods of Teaching Rhetoric

  • Forming, developing and refining one’s voice

  • Formation, development and improvement of non-linguistic means

  • Summary and recommendations

  • Online resources and oratory and bibliography

Formation, development and improvement of non-linguistic means

Non-linguistic tools are an integral and inseparable part of a speaker’s training. Each teacher / lecturer / trainer uses specific methods in the formation and development of non-linguistic means of facial expressions, gestures, postures, gaze, movement in space, and dress code. Practical training is presented in popular books, in video lectures as online resources.

In Bulgarian, one of the most useful books is that by Daniela Ilieva, in which recommendations for non-linguistic means in a business environment, in particular as training for future managers, are presented in text and visual form:

Илиева, Д. (2020). Комуникация навреме и намясто. София: ИК „Божидар Данев” ООД.

Ilieva, D. (2020). Communication on time and on place. Sofia: “Bozhidar Danev” Ltd.

Other sources are:

– Verbal Vs Non-verbal Communication: Difference between them with examples & comparison chart. 19.02.2018.

– Non-Verbal Communication | Leyla Tacconi | TEDxBritishSchoolofBrussels. 10.12.2015.

– Nonverbal Communications. 19.01.2017.

– Jens E. Kjeldsen. Nonverbal Communication as Argumentation. Proceedings of the 7th Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation .CD-

ROM. Amsterdam: ISSA. last accessed 12.09.2021.

Project RHEFINE – Rhetoric for Innovative Education, Number 2020-1-PL01-KA203-082274, Erasmus+ Programme, Key Action 2, Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices – Strategic Partnerships for Higher Education.


University of Warsaw – Poland – coordinator

Institute of Rhetoric and Communication – Bulgaria

University of Zagreb – Croatia